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 Code of Practice


assuredna is operated by Anglia DNA Services whose Code of Practice is extracted below
Note: assuredna tests are carried out in accordance with the Company’s Self-Sampling Test procedure, with two exceptions: (1) only the mother may consent for children under 16 years (unless a court rules otherwise); and (2) mother, father and child will be tested together (if you require additional persons to be tested, please contact us)

OUR CODE OF PRACTICE
for Paternity and Family Relationship Testing

Please read this document carefully before collecting samples.

In all cases of paternity and family relationship testing, Anglia DNA Services ("Anglia DNA") will follow the principles
and procedures set out below.

Our Code of Practice has been drafted in accordance with common law and legislation applicable to DNA testing* and

the 'Code of Practice and Guidance for Genetic Paternity Testing Services' (2001) which is intended to apply in England,
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland (although for the Self-Sampling Test, the services of a Sampler are not used). In
some instances the law in Scotland is different and we have endeavoured to show these variations where appropriate.

* For example, Human Tissue Act 2004 (the majority of which came into force in September 2006), Blood Tests (Evidence

of Paternity) Regulations 1971 (as amended), Age of Legal Capacity (Scotland) Act 1971, Mental Capacity Act 2005, etc

1 Minimum age of persons ordering a test

Orders for a paternity/family relationship test ("Test") will only be accepted from persons who are
at least 16 years of age.

2 Information

It is our policy to provide as much information as we can to persons who are considering a Test on the nature and purpose of the Test and the natural degree of accuracy expected. Information is available from our website (www.angliadna.co.uk), literature, and information pack. Our staff will be happy to answer any questions by telephone (01603 450948) or email (office@angliadna.co.uk). It is our policy to provide full and clear results in our Test Reports and
to provide further information or explanation if required.

In cases of paternity testing in particular, all persons to be tested need to consider the potential
consequences of finding out the results of the Test especially for any children involved – in some cases the effects may be devastating – and it may be beneficial to seek counselling either before or after obtaining a Test. Counselling services are available from various organisations, for example Relate provides counselling in the UK (0845 1304016 or www.relate.org.uk).

3 Consent (general)

3.1 Before samples may be collected for a Test or the Test itself carried out, the appropriate consent (see further below) must be obtained (unless a court rules otherwise).
3.2 Consent is not consent if it is uninformed consent. The person giving consent must understand what they are consenting to – the type of test and what it will show. It is also important that they have given serious consideration to the implications of finding out the results of the Test – the consequences of which may be irrevocable.
3.3 Consent must be voluntary, ie the person giving consent must give consent of their own free will and must not be subjected to undue influence, pressure or threat of any kind.
3.4 Consent may be withdrawn at any time. If any party to a test subsequently withdraws their consent, Anglia DNA must be notified immediately and the processing of the DNA samples will be stopped. Anglia DNA fees will still be payable subject to our Terms and Conditions relating to ‘Payment and cancellation'.

4 Consent (16 years and above)
4.1 No Test will be undertaken without the consent of each adult to be tested (unless a court has ruled otherwise). Each adult is required to sign the Consent Form.
4.1.1 An adult is someone who is 18 years or over.
4.1.2 A child of 16 or 17 years of age is presumed to be capable of giving consent and may give consent as if they were an adult. If they do not wish to make a decision either way, [the mother] may consent on their behalf.
4.1.3 In Scotland, a person who is 16 or over has the legal capacity to consent for themselves.
[4.2 and 4.3 removed as not applicable to assuredna tests]

5 Consent (under 16 years)
5.1 If a child under 16 years of age is to be tested, then [the mother] may give consent on behalf of the child and is required to sign the Consent Form.
However, if the child is old enough and mature enough to understand the nature and

consequences of the Test, their wishes should be sought and taken into consideration before the sample is collected. If the child's wishes conflict with the parent's wishes, legal advice may be required.

Note: Since September 2006, a "competent" child, ie one who is old enough and mature enough to understand
the nature and implications of the Test, may consent for themselves and their wishes cannot be overridden by a parent or other person with Parental Responsibility for them. The test of competency is based on the "Gillick" case (Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech Area Health Authority [1985] 3 All ER 402, HL) in which it was held that a doctor could provide medical advice to a child under 16 years without the approval (or even the knowledge) of the parent if the child was of "sufficient understanding and intelligence to be capable of making up his own mind". It is not possible to state with certainty at what age a child might be expected to have the appropriate level of competency to consent, as all children are different and mature at different rates, but as a rough guide it is probable that most children of 12 years and over are likely to have the required competence and care should therefore be taken to ensure that their rights under the new Act are upheld.

5.1.1 Only persons with Parental Responsibility* for a child may give consent for a sample to be taken from that child and for a Test to be carried out (unless a court rules otherwise) [for assuredna tests we require the mother’s consent].
* The mother automatically has Parental Responsibility as does the father if he is married to the mother. The father may also have Parental Responsibility if he is on the birth certificate, provided the birth was registered (or re-registered) after 1st December 2003, or if he has a formal Parental Responsibility Agreement lodged with a court, or a Parental Responsibility Order or a Residence Order. Persons other than the parents may also have Parental Responsibility for a child (usually by Court Order). Legal advice should be sought for further clarification if required.
[5.2 Not applicable to assuredna tests]
5.3 In Scotland, a child under the age of 16 may give consent themselves if in the opinion of the medical practitioner who is attending them* they have the capacity to understand the nature and possible consequences of the procedure (in which case, their wishes cannot be overridden by a parent or the local authority who has responsibility for them). If they do not have such capacity, any person with "parental responsibilities" (within the meaning of section 1(3) of Children
(Scotland) Act 1995) in relation to child or having care and control of child may consent for them. The consent of only one such person is required.
* For our purposes, this would include the person collecting the child's sample, provided they are a medical practitioner (eg doctor, dentist).
[5.4 Not applicable to assuredna tests]
5.5 Tests will not be undertaken where we have reason to believe that the person consenting for a child is not authorised to do so.

6 Consent (Test Reports)
As well as consenting to the samples being taken and the Test being carried out, everyone tested should realise that they are also consenting to the results being issued to an AUTHORISED PERSON (or persons). Test Reports will only be given to or discussed with:
(a) the person nominated on the Consent Form to receive the results – the "Nominated Person";
(b) other authorised persons (if applicable), such as Child Support Agency or the Court which
ordered the test;
(c) the legal representative(s) of the person(s) tested (if applicable) with the consent of the
person(s) tested;
(d) other persons with the consent of everyone tested;
(e) any person tested (or, where person tested is a child, [all persons] with Parental
Responsibility [see 5.1.1] for the child), where those authorised to receive the results failed without good cause to pass on the results to those tested (see further below, paragraph 10.2).
Apart from the report supplied to the Nominated Person, a fee may be charged for each additional
report supplied to the persons mentioned above.

7 "Best interests of the Child"
Paternity Tests will not be carried out where we have reason to believe that it may not be in the
best interests of the child. The parent or other person collecting the child's sample are also under a legal obligation to
consider the interests of the child and if they have reason to believe that the Test may not be in the best interests of the child, they should not proceed with the sample collection.*

* Please note, if there is a conflict between the wishes of the child and the parent (see further paragraph 5.1 above)
this may be an instance where to proceed would not be in the best interests of the child.

8 Procedure for Sample Collection
(a) Self-Sampling Test
In order that we can be reasonably satisfied that the samples delivered to us (for our Self-Sampling Test) came from the right persons, everyone being tested is required to supply a copy of an ID document containing their signature (for example, passport, UK driving licence, building society book – please contact us for other documents which may be used). Except where a competent child has signed for themselves, copies of ID documents for children need not contain signatures – a copy of any available ID document (such as a birth certificate) may be provided.*
* If no ID document is available for the child, then we will require a clear photograph (full face, eyes open, no hat) signed and dated on the back by [the mother].
NB: the results of a Self-Sampling Test cannot be used for Court or other legal purposes (for which our Legal Test Service is required).
[8(b) and subsequent paragraph removed as not applicable to assuredna tests]
DNA SAMPLES RETURNED WITHOUT REQUIRED DOCUMENTATION (or where no payment has been made) will not be processed and may be destroyed after receipt by the laboratory. We will endeavour to contact the client to supply the missing item/information, before destroying the samples.
Note: It is a serious offence punishable by imprisonment to personate another person for the purpose of providing a bodily sample (or to present the wrong child for that purpose).

[9 Not applicable to assuredna tests]

10 Confidentiality
10.1 All information supplied by persons to be tested shall be kept in the strictest confidence and only for as long as is necessary to adequately carry out the Test, report the results and comply with the requirements of accreditation (ISO 17025).

In general, once the Test Report has been issued to the Nominated Person, samples will be
disposed of by incineration after one month, extracted DNA after three months, paper copies of personal data and test reports will be destroyed by shredding after twelve months, and electronic data will be disposed of securely after six years.

10.2 Everyone being tested is entitled to know the results of the test, but the results will only be given
to the Nominated Person or other authorised person(s) as listed at paragraph 6 above. It is the responsibility of the Nominated Person to ensure that everyone tested receives the results. However, if the Nominated Person has without reasonable excuse failed to pass on the results to all the persons tested, we reserve the right to issue results directly to or to discuss results with any person tested (or where the person tested is a child, to issue results to and/or to discuss the results with [all persons who have] Parental Responsibility [see 5.1.1] for the child).

In most cases, test reports will be sent by First Class post to the Nominated Person and/or other

authorised person(s). Where details of reports are given over the telephone or by electronic
means, all reasonable steps will be taken to establish their identity before disclosing results to the
person(s) listed at paragraph 6 above.


If you have any questions or need any further information please contact us:
iDNA Genetics Limited t/a Anglia DNA Services
33 Scottow Enterprise Park
Badersfield
Norwich
Norfolk NR10 5FB
tel: 01603 358161
fax: 01603 450945
website: www.angliadna.co.uk
email: office@angliadna.co.uk
Registered in England and Wales [No. 05061695]

[PCK(BK/2/12.11]


assuredna is operated by Anglia DNA Services Ltd
Anglia DNA Services Ltd
Norwich Reasearch Park, Colney Lane, Norwich,
Norfolk, NR4 7UH
Accredited by the UK Accreditation Service to
the ISO 17025 International Standard for its paternity testing
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